Moldavian Journal of the Physical Sciences
This preface opens the first issue of the new scientific journal "Moldavian Journal of Physical Sciences" which is a successor and accordingly a new version of the journal "Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Moldovei: Fizica si Tehnica". The MJPS will appear quarterly and will publish in English reviews, original papers and short communications referring to large area of physical investigations in R.Moldova and abroad.
At present there is a lot of scientific journals in the world and electronic forms of published papers intensively develop, so appearance of a new journal causes natural questions about motivation of the edition and its difference from the others.
Today there is no doubt that the modern civilisation in the beginning of the XXI century is such as we see it due to great successes of science and technology achieved during the last centuries and especially in the XX century. Contribution of physical sciences to both formation of the scientific picture of the world and development of the conceptual paradigm of cognition and creation of bases of the majority of modern technologies and technical means was the most significant. A bright confirmation of this is the fact that the first positions of scientific discoveries of the XX century being the most important for civilisation belong to the general and special theories of relativity, quantum mechanics, transistor effect, theory of electroweak interactions, etc. The list of thirty most remarkable inventions and technologies includes 24 of fields allied to physical sciences, and the first five of this list are Internet, Atomic Energy, Lasers, Computers and virtual reality, Silicon microchips.
One can enumerate many factors contributing to modern achievements in science as a whole and in physics in particular. But there is no doubt that one of the determining factor is connected with dissemination of scientific information, formation of scientific information flows etc. by publishing papers in periodical scientific editions. When the volumes and rates of researches grew, the volume of scientific published product and speed of dissemination of scientific information increased as well. Carrying out of scientific researches, obtaining of scientific results and their putting in information flow is an indissoluble chain of scientific process. Any country involved into the scientific process alongside with production of knowledge must contribute to their dissemination by edition of scientific journals, and this aspect is one of the first while basing the MJPS's edition.
Last decade in the period of formation of State basis and transition to the market economy, conditions for carrying out of scientific investigations in our country were not the most favourable. Nevertheless scientific work as a professional form of activities has preserved, and our researchers continue to add their original pages to the modern science. The area of physical researches in our country is wide enough, it covers numerous fields of modern physics and apparently is the most integrated in the world process of scientific investigations. Our physicists actively work in the field of high temperature superconductivity, physics of low dimensional systems and artificially structured materials, physics of quantum macroscopic phenomena, as for example the Bose-Einstein condensation, physics of macromolecules and fullerenes, etc. The enumerated fields are the most developing in the modern physics, and our researchers publish first-class papers in various journals on these directions of investigations.Many of them are well known in their field of research and they are the backbone of the physical community of our country, the MJPS being its scientific journal. In the light of the above-mentioned considerations another contour of necessity of the MJPS's existence appears - as a collective publisher of the whole physical society of Moldova, as one of its integrating elements and as a collective channel of connection with the world physical community.
An important link in carrying out of scientific researches is organisation of scientific symposia and conferences. Here as well as in the field of edition of scientific papers every country must contribute, and scientific journals are very suitable for publishing proceedings of conferences, and this practice is widely used in the world. We decided to use this practice for edition of the MJPS too. It is a coincidence that the first issues of the MJPS of this year will include papers presented at the International Conference on Materials Science and Condensed Matter Physics. This conference was organised in 2001 in Chisinau and dedicated to the 75th anniversary of Serghey Radautsan - an outstanding scientist in the field of material science and one of the founders of semiconductor compound school in the Republic of Moldova. Thus, one more important role of the MJPS appears - publishing of the proceedings of physical conferences organised in our country.
As it follows from the title, the topics of the MJPS are diverse and they will cover many fields of modern physical sciences, although in each issue some thematic selection of articles will be performed proceeding from the journal's portfolio. Being now single physical journal in our country it cannot be specialised in a certain field of physical investigations. However, besides this local factor there are more important preconditions for edition of a physical journal with wide themes.
At present hardly any other field of science so seamlessly spans the whole range between the most basic research and the most applied. Advances in basic research inspire new ideas for applications, and application-driven technological advances provide tools that enable new fundamental investigations. At the same time, technological problems raise questions that demand new fundamental insights. For example, with new fundamental understanding of nonequilibrium phenomena, we may soon see a qualitative improvement in our ability to predict and control complex properties of the structural materials used to manufacture everything from airplanes and bridges to electronic devices. Technological advances provide tools such as synchrotrons, neutron sources, electron microscopes, high magnetic field facilities, computers, and scanning probe microscopy. These tools, in turn, provide unprecedented opportunities to investigate materials on the atomic scale, leading to fundamental discoveries that drive both science and technology. Thus, physical sciences are of crucial importance for interdisciplinary researches and they'll always be.
Accordingly we hope that the breadth of thematic scope not only will allow a wide number of Moldavian physicists to publish their results but also to draw potential authors from other countries who would like to report their results not only in a narrow circle of specialists but also in contiguous field of physical sciences. In the new millennium, the field of physical sciences is evolving in several important directions. It is becoming increasingly interdisciplinary, with progress often being made at the interfaces with other disciplines, such as biology, chemistry, engineering, materials science, and atomic and molecular physics. Partnerships across disciplines and among universities, government laboratories, and industry have become essential to assemble the resources and diverse skills necessary to continue advancing our knowledge. Hence, in publishing original papers on various themes we see one of niches of our journal among a large number of physical journals being either highly specialised or review ones, and we intend to stimulate the interdisciplinary character of physical investigations.
In conclusion we invite all physicists of our country to collaborate actively with our new physical journal. We address a special message to the physicists of other countries to support our journal and concomitantly the physical investigations in the Republic Moldova by submission new scientific papers for publication.
Editor-in-chief of the journal,
Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the RM,
Professor Valeriu Kantser